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EgyptAfrica

Home to the largest city in the Middle East, the delta of the long Nile River and some of the world’s most prized artifacts, Egypt is a world wonder.

Egypt is best known for ancient historical sites in a barren desert landscape. Many travelers will be surprised to find that some of the best attractions are the opposite: modern cities within a fertile river valley. Visit the pyramids, sphinx and Sahara and enjoy world cities that have grown up on the Nile River banks and the Mediterranean shoreline.

While ancient ruins stand throughout Egypt, the most famous artifacts are near the cities of Cairo and Luxor. Head to Cairo’s southwestern outskirts to find the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. Cairo’s extensive Egyptian Museum features many small artifacts from dig sites around the country, including Tutankhamen’s famous gold burial mask. Tutankhamen’s tomb is in the Valley of the Kings outside the southern city of Luxor, which you can reach by car or Nile River cruise.

Explore the Sahara in Egypt’s Western Desert. Sand dunes roll along the Great Sand Sea, while mushroom-shaped rocks clutter the otherworldly landscape of the White Desert. Visit the Siwa Oasis, where an ancient town thrives on a small green patch around a desert lake. A craggy hill filled with ancient tombs stands at the town center surrounded by the ruins of the medieval Shali Fortress.

After exploring the deserts, return to Egypt’s cities to experience its rich modern culture. Relax in a Mediterranean café on the waterfront of Alexandria, considered to be one of the most liberal cities of the Arab world. Study alongside thousands of visitors and locals under the glass roof of the modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina.

Given Egypt’s 21st-century political turmoil, travelers should be cautious about visiting certain regions of the country. Monitor the news before visiting and check to see if your government has any advisories against travel to particular areas.

Fly into Egypt via airports at Alexandria or Cairo. By the end of your trip, you will be overwhelmed by the number of world-famous sights you’ve seen.

Popular cities in Egypt

Cairo showing heritage architecture
Cairo
Known for Museums, Historical Buildings and Cafés

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Reasons to visit

  • Giza Pyramid Complex
    Giza Pyramid Complex
  • Great Sphinx of Giza
    Great Sphinx of Giza
Luxor
Luxor
Known for Temples, Rivers and Relaxing

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Reasons to visit

  • Luxor Temple
    Luxor Temple
  • Karnak
    Karnak
Hurghada
Hurghada
Known for Beaches, Sea and Relaxing

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Reasons to visit

  • Hurghada Mosque
    Hurghada Mosque
Alexandria
Known for Sea, Beaches and Historical Buildings

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Sharm El Sheikh
Known for Beaches, Relaxing and Snorkelling

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Marsa Alam
Known for Snorkelling, Diving and Seafood

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Popular things to do in Egypt

Giza Pyramid Complex
Image for Giza Pyramid Complex

Giza Pyramid Complex

Check out popular sights like Great Sphinx of Giza as you discover the local area in Giza Pyramid Complex.

Tahrir Square
Image for Tahrir Square

Tahrir Square

Check out Egyptian Museum and Great Sphinx of Giza—just two of the top sights around Tahrir Square, a city also notable for its museums and gardens.

Luxor Temple
Image for Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple

Venture to Karnak and Valley of the Kings—just two of the top sights around Luxor Temple, a city also notable for its temples and historic sites.

Khan el-Khalili
Image for Khan el-Khalili

Khan el-Khalili

Venture to Egyptian Museum and Great Sphinx of Giza—just two of the top sights around Khan el-Khalili, a city also notable for its museums and historic sites.

Qaitbay Fortress
Image for Qaitbay Fortress

Qaitbay Fortress

Check out Montazah Palace—just one of the top sights around Qaitbay Fortress, a city also notable for its seaside and gardens.

Great Sphinx of Giza
Image for Great Sphinx of Giza

Great Sphinx of Giza

Check out Giza Pyramid Complex and Egyptian Museum—just two of the top sights around Great Sphinx of Giza, a city also notable for its museums and restaurants.